Benefits of fig in modern medicine
- The effect of fig on cardiovascular system
One of the main causes of heart diseases is using foods with high cholesterol and triglyceride. Eating low-fat foods decreases the risk of being affected by these illnesses. Due to having flavonoids, fig prevents the occurrence heart diseases. Various experiments have shown that eating fig decreases the blood cholesterol and heart diseases such as atherosclerosis. Also, fig decreases the level of triglyceride and low-density lipoprotein, and increases the level of high-density lipoprotein in blood.
- The effect of fig on digestive system
More than 20 percent of the people around the world have chronic diseases of digestive system especially, constipation. Constipation can cause many digestive system diseases such as colon cancer. In the recent studies on the effect of fig on movements of digestive system, researchers have indicated that fig increases these movements and in fact, this fruit is a laxative. This is due to unique benefits of fig and its numerous cores and insolvable fibers. Due to the phenolic compounds, fig prevents the occurrence of peptic ulcer disease which is caused by helicobacter pylori.
- The effect of fig on nervous system
Fig is a rich source of natural anti-oxidants such as polyphenols, organic acids, vitamin E, carotenoids, and ascorbic acids. Nowadays, it is found that these anti-oxidants inhibit Acetylcholinesterases which contribute to the occurrence of neurological diseases such as Alzheimer’s, insanity, imbalance, and myasthenia gravis. Anti-oxidant containing foods such as fig improves the brain physiology and movement learning, and so, this fruit can play an important role in increasing memory. Fig raises the pain threshold and it suggested as a calmative and stress and fear reductive. It has become proved that fig extract has calmative, skeletal muscle relaxing and anti-anxiety effects and can be used for treating insomnia, stress, schizophrenia, migraine, and epilepsy.
- The effect of fig on women
Dried fig has many benefits for pregnant women. Not only dried fig has the same level of micronutrients such as fiber, iron, calcium, and magnesium, but also it is rich in omega-3. Omega-3 is a very good fat which is found in coldwater fish or shrimp and is very good for fetus growth and preventing preterm birth. Also, the calcium of fig stimulates the increase of the amount of prostaglandins and so, it causes increased uterine contraction and ease of childbirth in pregnant women. The other advantage of this delicious fruit is regulating hormonal processes and improving the disorders of uterus and menstrual cycle. Therefore, it is suggested to use this fruit in menopause age.
- The role of fig in preventing inflammation and cancer
Nowadays, it has been proved that more than 70 percent of cancer cases are related to people’s diet. For example, high-fat foods increase the probability of occurrence of breast cancer and rectum cancer. Cancer is known as a main problem in public health and the second cause of death in US. Epidemiological studies around the world have shown that eating fruits and vegetables decrease the probability of occurrence cancer to a great extent. Fig is used for treating cancer and other tumors or the swelling of interior parts of body including swelling of digestive system. The researches have proven that eating fig prevents the occurrence of liver and kidney cancer. Eating fig decreases the level of growth and spread of tumor in body, less damage to DNA, increase of apoptosis anticancer enzymes.
- The role of fig in preventing the occurrence of diabetes
In diabetes disease especially diabetes mellitus, oxidation of fats and change metabolism of carbohydrates and proteins raise the probability of occurrence of cancer in patients. So, nowadays doctors seek for finding herbal medicines as an alternative for chemical medicines. Fig is one of the fruits on which various studies have been done and it has been found that eating fig decreased blood sugar and oxidation of fats. Therefore, one of the most important effects of eating fig on these patients is reducing the side effects of the disease in them. Beta-Sitosterol-d-glucoside is the most important ingredient in fig which causes these effects. It has become proven that this element stimulates the release of insulin hormone from islets of langerhans cells.
- Anti-bacterial effects of fig
Fig is used for treating many bacterial, fungal, virus, and parasite diseases. By eating this fruit, gastrointestinal inflammations which are accompanied with symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramp, and diarrhea can be prevented. Also, the growth of the bacteria which can cause urinary tract infection, respiratory tract infection, corneal infection, and skin wounds is also prevented. These symptoms are mostly caused in people with weak immune system such as the patients with AIDS and cancer.
- The effect of fig on aging
Researchers have found that the polysaccharide in fig which has anti-oxidant effects can delay the process of aging. Also, researchers have found that using the water solution of fig polysaccharide decreases the activity level of skin aging-related enzymes.